5 CBT-Backed Mistakes to Avoid When Dealing with Anxiety
Anxiety is a common emotion that affects everyone at some point in their life. While it's normal to feel anxious in certain situations, it can be overwhelming and interfere with daily life when it becomes persistent and intense. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a well-established therapy for treating anxiety and related disorders, and here are some tips to avoid common mistakes that can worsen anxiety symptoms based on the principles of CBT.
Don't avoid the things that trigger anxiety: It may be tempting to avoid situations or activities that trigger anxiety, but this reinforces the fear and makes it harder to overcome in the future. Instead, facing your fears and gradually exposure to the triggers can help you learn that you can handle the situation, and that the fear is not justified.
Don't ruminate or dwell on worries: Constant worry and negative thoughts can maintain and worsen anxiety. Try to redirect your thoughts to something neutral or engage in a distracting activity, and reframe negative thoughts with a more realistic perspective.
Don't use substances as a coping mechanism: Substance abuse can temporarily relieve anxiety, but it can also lead to further problems and worsen anxiety in the long run. Find healthy and alternative ways to cope with anxiety such as exercise, meditation, or social support.
Don't fear physical symptoms of anxiety: Physical symptoms such as racing heart, sweating, and shaking can be overwhelming, but it's important to understand that these are normal reactions to stress and they won't harm you. Instead, focus on reframing your interpretation of these symptoms as being dangerous.
Don't self-criticize or judge yourself harshly: People with anxiety often have harsh self-criticism and negative self-talk, which can make anxiety worse. Instead, practice self-compassion and self-care, and remind yourself that everyone makes mistakes and it's okay to be imperfect.
In conclusion, these tips can help you deal with anxiety in a more effective way, but it's important to remember that everyone's experience with anxiety is unique and seeking professional help from a licensed therapist trained in CBT can be very beneficial. With the right support and tools, you can overcome anxiety and live a more fulfilling life.